Sleep Apnea Treatment
Sleep apnea is a condition marked by abnormal breathing during sleep. People with sleep apnea have multiple extended pauses in breath when they sleep. These temporary breathing lapses cause lower-quality sleep and affect the body’s supply of oxygen, leading to potentially serious health consequences.
Sleep apnea is one of the most common sleep disorders in the United States. It can affect children and adults and people of both sexes, although it is more common in men.
What Are the Types of Sleep Apnea?
There are three types1 of sleep apnea:
OBSTRUBCTIVE SLEEP APNEA (OSA): OSA occurs when the airway at the back of the throat becomes physically blocked. That obstruction causes temporary lapses in breath.
CENTRAL SLEEP APNEA (CSA): CSA happens because there is a problem with the brain’s system for controlling muscles involved in respiration, leading to slower and shallower breathing.
MIXED SLEEP APNEA: When a person has both OSA and CSA at the same time, it is referred to as mixed sleep apnea or complex sleep apnea.
HOW COMMON IS SLEEP APNEA?
Obstructive sleep apnea is estimated to affect between 2-9% of adults in the United States, but many cases are believed to go undiagnosed3, which fits with studies that have found considerably higher rates of OSA. Precise prevalence is hard to determine because studies have used different criteria for diagnosing the condition. A consistent finding, though, is that OSA affects men more than women4. It can occur in people of any age but is more common in older adults.Central sleep apnea has been found to affect around .9% of adults over the age of 40. It is found much more frequently in men than in women.As this data demonstrates, OSA is much more common than CSA. For this reason, when people talk about “sleep apnea,” they are generally referring to OSA.
WHAT ARE THE SYMTOMS OF SLEEP APNEA?
All three types of sleep apnea share certain common symptoms:
.Disrupted breathing in which a person’s respiration can become labored or even stop for up to a minute at a time
.Excessive daytime sleepiness
.Limited attention span or difficulty thinking clearly
Many of these symptoms arise because of poor sleep and decreased oxygen levels that occur as a result of interrupted breathing.
Some additional symptoms are connected to obstructive sleep apnea:
.Snoring, including snoring that is especially loud and involves gasping, choking, or snorting that may cause a person to briefly wake up
.Morning sore throat or dry mouth
.Frequent need to wake up to urinate (nocturia)
Chronic snoring is the most common symptom of OSA, but that doesn’t mean that everyone who snores has sleep apnea. Snoring is not a frequent symptom in people with CSA.
In general, a person with sleep apnea is not aware of their breathing problems at night. For that reason, they often only find out about the issue from a bed partner, family member, or roommate. Excessive daytime sleepiness is the most likely symptom to be noticed by people with sleep apnea that live alone.
Call Celebrity Smile today to book an appoinment with Dr. Lori Ann Safar today, your local dentist near me to find out more what sleep medicine can do for you. Our expiernced Torrey Hills dentist invites the surrounding communitys of